Simulation of water budget and sorghum responses to planting dates in Western Sudan by Mekki A. Omer

Cover of: Simulation of water budget and sorghum responses to planting dates in Western Sudan | Mekki A. Omer

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Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Sorghum -- Sudan.,
  • Plant-water relationships -- Simulation methods.,
  • Water in agriculture -- Sudan -- Simulation methods.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Mekki A. Omer.
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 145 leaves, bound :
Number of Pages145
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16574750M

Download Simulation of water budget and sorghum responses to planting dates in Western Sudan

Optimum sorghum planting dates in western Sudan by simulated water budgets. Agric. Water Manage., The Soil-Plant-Air-Water (SPAW) model previously developed and tested was used to sim- ulate soil water budgets and crop water-stress for sorghum in the dryland region of westsrn by:   Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is the main staple food crop in Sudan and comprised 80% by weight of the cereal crops grown in the Sudan in both and (FAO/WFP.

Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission to Sudan, 15 February ). Grain sorghum, a well-adapted crop for central Sudan, is grown extensively under irrigated and dry.

The Soil-Plant-Air-Water (SPAW) model previously developed and tested was used to simulate soil water budgets and crop water-stress for sorghum in the dryland region of western Sudan.

The African countries are known to be the most vulnerable to climate change and variability and food insecurity. An effort is devoted in this study to assess the year-by-year drought risk to sorghum and millet during the onset of the growing season in the Sudanese Sahel.

A recently developed drought risk index (DRI) is used for this purpose. The DRI is a multiplicative formula of six variables Cited by:   Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. moench) is one of the crops that tolerate drought in stressed environments [1], and is an excellent model for drought tolerance in higher plants [2, 3].

This cereal has unusual and superior tolerance to excessive heat conditions [4], and produces reasonable grain yield in poor soils [5].Author: Ahmed M. El Naim, Sabah M.

Hamoda, Elshiekh A. Ibrahim, Moayad M. Zaied, Elsadig B. Ibrahim. Effect of wastewater irrigation was investigated on mineral composition of corn and sorghum plants in a pot experiment.

The ranges for the concentration of different minerals in corn plants were –% calcium (Ca), –% magnesium (Mg), –% sodium (Na), –% nitrogen (N), –% potassium (K), –% phosphorus (P), – mg/kg. Ground-water budget for part of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Long Island, New York.

(Modified from Cohen and others, ) Block diagram of Long Island, New York, and tables listing the overall water budget and ground-water budget under predevelopment conditions.

Both water budgets assume equilibrium conditions with little or no change in storage. instance, the planting dates for the experimental year are as below T 1 = Σ(PPE) ≤ 24mm = March 22 which fell in the 9 th decade of T 2 = Σ(PPE) ≤ mm = June 5 which fell in the 16 th decade of Whereas the planting dates for the experi-mental year happened to be: T 1 = Σ(PPE) ≤ 10mm.

Sudan and International Agreements By Eng. Kamal Ali Mohd. (Ministry of Irrigation and H.E.P.). Water Laws and Regulations in Existance in Sudan By Eng.

Kamal Ali Mohd. (Ministry of Irrigation and H.E.P.). A note on the relation between water supply and Sewage By Osman El Amiri El Buluk (P.E.W.C.). Water Quality Control. Sudan - Irrigation Projects (English) Abstract. This report reviews, and evaluates the technical feasibility of irrigation in Sudan, namely as it regards the implementation of the Managil, and Roseires Projects.

Regarding the Managil Project, based on the capital cost of construction through stages. BACKGROUND: In general, rain‐fed agriculture is practised in many areas in western Sudan. Therefore, it is imperative to adopt appropriate rainwater harvesting and reuse technique(s) by promoting soil and water management research to sustain crop productivity.

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) is a primary stable crop of Sudan. Key to the project was creating water conservation structures, in this case a water pond, to supplement irrigation to usually rain-dependent crops. The latter include sorghum, fodder, Arabic gum trees, and sunflowers and maize.

Already, sorghum yields have risen significantly, with an increase to 1, kg/ha from a base average yield of kg/ha. Under normal conditions, the annual total virtual water demand of sorghum (the dominant food crop in Sudan) is found to be 15 km3, of which 91% is green water. During a dry year, however, Sudan could experience a deficit of km3 of water, necessitating the adoption of a wise food stocking-exporting policy.

Introduction. Low Rainfall Savannah (Lat. rN) 27 Millet, sorghum, maize, rice and oil seeds in all areas. wheat and barley, north of 14 rN under irrigation High Rainfall Savannah (Lat.

rN) 14 Sorghum, maize, millet Swamps Rice, sorghum, maize and millet, after reclamation. The SPAW model is a one-dimensional water budget simulation model rep- resenting agricultural fields from above the crop canopy to below the root zone.

Optimum sorghum planting dates in West- ern Sudan by simulated water budgets. Agric. Water Manage., Rawls, W.J., Brakensiek, D.L. and Saxton, K.E., M.A. Omer, K.E. m 3 storage reservoir at the water treatment plant; Approximately 12km of 1, mm treated water main to a m 3 storage reservoir, complete with booster pump station; Approximately 7km of mm treated water main to the exist m 3 storage reservoir, south of El Manara.

Hussein, M. and Alva, A. () Growth, Yield and Water Use Effeciency of Forage Sorghum as Affected by Npk Fertilizer and Deficit an Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, doi: /ajps water so that the soil can be saturated with it.

The shields can also be opened to release excess water. Country: Sudan Direct Beneficiaries: Small farmers, livestock keepers Results: • The number of farmers who adopted the water-harvesting technique totaled 3, • Average sorghum productivity increased up to eleven-fold, from 77 to. The plant serves safe drinking water to the inhabitants of Wau and has acted as an essential preventative measure against Cholera outbreaks.

UNICEF South Sudan//Kealey Raw water is pumped from the Jur river, (approximately 6, m3 per day) to the water treatment plant to serve communities in the town and the surrounding areas. urgent need for substantial improvements and extensions to the sewerage systems treatment plants.

Further development of water resources for agriculture and domestic use is one of the priorities to Sudan, water resources development, community water supply, effective water-supply Western Kordofan 15 The supply of water to Khartoum, Sudan, is from wells tapping aquifers in the Nubian Sandstone Formation.

The boreholes are located in residential areas where sewage disposal is by means of a siphon septic tank system draining into the water table in the upper alluvial deposits.

The aquifers are leaky to unconfined in nature and as the lower groundwater moves from the Nile towards the. This is due to the expansion of mechanized agriculture in the rainlands of Central, Eastern and Western Sudan, the introduction of new improved varieties and the recent severe drought.

Efforts to collect and utilize the genetic resources of vegetable started in the mids, led by individual plant breeders. Saqadi Village Water Plant. It is worth mentioning that QC had already established a water plant in Saqadi, Ad-Damir in Sudan, in partnership with Qatar Red Crescent and Islamic Dawa Orgaization at a cost of more than 3, QR.

20, people benefit directly from this water plant. This stress occurred just prior to the boot stage for sorghum at 60 to 68 days after planting.

Crop water use, averaged over all treatments, was mm for corn and mm for sorghum. For corn, plant population did not influence grain yield and crop water use.

Water use efficiency ranged from to kg m For sorghun1, there was no. The project which started on Septem assisted South Sudan Urban Water Corporation (SSUWC) and its Urban Water Stations (UWC) in Wau and Maridi, work towards achieving long- term sustainability by adopting policies and practices based on commercial principles.

To collaborate with the Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project Thus, farmers gain three advantages by planting sorghum in their sesame fields: 1) it serves as a food source for humans; 2) it serves as animal fodder; and 3) it serves as a wind break for sesame plants.

Sorghum stalks, which have a high water and sugar content,27 also. Socio-economic constraints to the production, distribution, and consumption of millet, sorghum, and cash crops in North. Item menu. The fundamental importance of access to water, as the basis for a clean, healthy and productive life is well-established.

Protracted civil war in Sudan has resulted, inter alia, in a general collapse of existing systems of water supply development and management in the south. Addressing widespread problems associated with inadequate water supplies. Activities and Resources for Educators, Book Clubs, Faith-Based Organizations, Rotary Clubs and others.

Here we provide information on A Long Walk to Water, Sustainable Development Goal #6, and fundraising. If you have an activity or idea that you’d like to share with others, send it to us so we can include it on this collaborative page.

A newly restored water treatment plant in one town is making a real difference in people's lives. BENTIU, South Sudan, 5 September – Imagine having to fetch water from a river every day and it taking more than an hour each time. Nonconventional Water Resources. Prior to the introduction of UNICEF’s small bore hand pumps, villagers in western Sudan used to store water in the hollowed trunks of giant baobab trees (Adansonia digitata).In many other parts of the country, water is collected and stored in haffirs, a crude form of water harvesting for domestic, pastoralist and animal use in Darfur and Kordofan.

The Project for Improvement of Water Supply System in Juba. Juba - Fewer people in Juba, South Sudan's growing capital city, will suffer from water-borne diseases like typhoid due to lack of clean and safe water after the construction of an additional water treatment plant through a Japanese Government Grant Aid Project.

from to tons per hectare. Sorghum is more water-smart compared with maize and other cereals due to higher production from little available rainfall (Fig. This paper aims to discuss improvement of water use efficiency by planting sorghum, which has the. regional sorghum production is dominated by Ethiopia and Sudan, South Sudan’s sorghum imports come from Sudan and Uganda, with the latter only beginning to export sorghum a few years ago.

According to FEWS NET, although South Sudan’s cereal deficit is not large relative to regional supply, its relatively small population is the least self-suf. — test crop responses to water and nutrients in relation to crop sequence and surface management in field experiments using nuclear techniques, — promote collection of minimum sets of data in all experiments, store the data in a common data base, test and apply simulation models and use the data and models in training national staff.

The water coverage estimated at 50% 61% of South Sudan population practicing Open Defecation Government WASH budget per capita for Sanitation is Budget Currently Peace Agreement between the parties has been signed and implementation matrix negotiation is in progress.

There are two sewerage treatment plants. The only functioning plant treats a fraction of Khartoum’s old neighbourhoods. It was originally a trickling filter system. The effluents were subsequently diluted and used to irrigate the Green Belt, a 7,feddan eucalyptus plantation to the south of the city.

Agriculture in Sudan plays an important role in that country's lture and livestock raising are the main sources of livelihood for most of the Sudanese population. It was estimated that, as of80 percent of the labor force were employed in that sector, including 84 percent of the women and 64 percent of the men.

Currently, 98% of this region is still covered in Amazon rainforest and mangrove forest. The largest of the proposed biofuel plants — Larivot in Cayenne, the French Guiana capital — would require betw andmetric tons of soy per year to generate enough liquid biofuel to power the megawatt plant. The ICRC responded to this humanitarian situation by installing an emergency water treatment plant in Lologo.

This plant produces overlitres of clean water per day and delivers it to displacement sites and health facilities. The facility is a vital lifeline that helps to counter the spread of. (Biofuture) Bioenergy sector hailed as a ‘job creating machine’ at launch of BBEST /BIOFUTURE SUMMIT II Virtual Conference; Unique conference brings together world-leading policies, innovation, science and market analysis across the bioeconomy — The Biofuture Platform, a multi-stakeholder initiative facilitated by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and designed to take .Plant water stress in response to rainfall variability is mediated by subsurface water storage, yet the controls on stored plant‐available water remain poorly understood.

Here we develop a probabilistic water balance model for Mediterranean climates that relates the amount of water stored over the wet season to annual rainfall statistics and. Some major water infrastructure development projects in Sudan are projected to cost between $$ million and overall could cost $1 billion over the next six years.

Encouraging PPPs is vital to the development of water infrastructure in Sudan, which would increase access to water and sanitation supplies. Sudan’s Transport Infrastructure.

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